Director's Interim Guidance Regarding Tax Information Under 11 U.S.C. § 521
LEONIDAS RALPH MECHAM
CLARENCE A. LEE, JR.
ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES COURTS WASHINGTON, D.C. 20544
September 27, 2005
MEMORANDUM TO: JUDGES, UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURTS CLERKS, UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURTS BANKRUPTCY ADMINISTRATORS
SUBJECT: Tax Return Guidance (INFORMATION)
Section 315(c) of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 mandates that the Director of the Administrative Office establish procedures for safeguarding the confidentiality of tax information required to be provided under 11 U.S.C. § 521. On September 20, 2005, the Judicial Conference approved interim guidance drafted to
implement this statutory directive. This guidance addresses the manner in which tax returns are filed with the courts and sets limits on access to the debtor’s tax information. The effective date of this Interim Guidance is October 17, 2005, the general effective date of the Act.
The tax return guidance is attached. Should you have any questions, please contact Mary Louise Mitterhoff or Mary Fritsche of the Bankruptcy Court Administration Division at
(202) 502-1540 or Amanda Anderson of the Bankruptcy Judges Division at (202) 502-1900.
Leonidas Ralph Mecham
September 20, 2005
Director’s Interim Guidance
Regarding Tax Information
Under 11 U.S.C. § 521
Section 315(c) of the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2005 (the Act) mandates that the Director of the Administrative Office of the United States
Courts establish procedures for safeguarding the confidentiality of tax information required to be provided under 11 U.S.C. § 521.1 In accordance with the Act, the Director provides the following guidance on procedures to protect a debtor’s tax information.2
I. No tax information filed with the bankruptcy court or otherwise provided by the debtor will be available to the public via the Internet, PACER, or
In order for tax information to be electronically entered into a court’s CM/ECF system, the “tax information” event must be selected from the CM/ECF event list. The “tax
information” event limits access to the filed tax information to those users assigned “court” logins (i.e., judicial officers and court employees). All other users (including PACER users) will be limited to viewing a docket event on the docket report indicating that tax information has been filed. These other users will not be able to open and view the tax information.
II. Debtors providing tax information under 11 U.S.C. § 521 should redact personal information as set forth in the Judicial Conference’s Policy on Privacy and Public Access to Electronic Case Files.
All tax information provided in accordance with section 521 of the Bankruptcy Code is subject to the Judicial Conference of the United States Policy on Privacy and Public Access to
Electronic Case Files http://jnet.ao.dcn/it/ecf/privacy-policy.html (“JCUS policy”) (JCUSSEP/ OCT 01, pp. 49-50). In accordance with the JCUS policy, the debtor should take the
following steps to redact personal identifiers in any tax information filed with the court or provided to the trustee or creditor(s), in either electronic or paper form:
- Social Security numbers. If an individual’s social security number is included, only the last four digits of that number should appear;
1 For purposes of the Director’s Interim Guidance Regarding Tax Information Under 11 U.S.C. § 521 (“Interim Guidance”), the term “tax information” includes tax returns, transcripts of returns, amendments to returns and any other document containing tax information provided by the debtor under section 521 of title 11, United States Code.
2 Interim Bankruptcy Rule 4002 (b)(5) provides that the debtor’s obligation to provide tax information to the trustee or a copy of the information submitted to the trustee provided to a requesting creditor pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 521(e)(2) is subject to the Interim Guidance. In addition, section 315(c)(1) of the Act authorizes the Director to promulgate guidance to protect the “confidentiality of any tax information required to be provided under this section,” which encompasses information provided under section 521(e) and (f) of the bankruptcy Code. Thus, except where expressly limited to tax information filed with the court, this Interim Guidance applies to any other document containing tax information required to be filed with the court or otherwise provided by the debtor under section 521 of the Bankruptcy Code.
- Names of minor children. If a minor child(ren) is/are identified by name, only the child(ren)’s initials should appear;
- Dates of birth. If an individual’s date of birth is included, only the year shouldappear; and
- Financial account numbers. If financial account numbers are provided, only the last four digits of these numbers should appear.
Court employees are not responsible for redacting any of the personal identifying information. The responsibility for redacting personal identifiers rests solely with the debtor.
III. Procedure for requesting and obtaining access to tax information filed with the bankruptcy court under 11 U.S.C. § 521(f).
To gain access to a debtor’s tax information under 11 U.S.C. § 521(f), the United States trustee (or a bankruptcy administrator, if any), trustee, or party in interest, including a creditor,
must follow the procedures set forth below.
A written request that a debtor file copies of tax returns with the court pursuant to 11 U.S.C. § 521(f) shall be filed with the court and served on the debtor and debtor’s counsel, if
In order to obtain access to debtor’s tax information that is filed with the bankruptcy court, the movant must file a motion with the court, which should include:
- a description of the movant’s status in the case, to allow the court to ascertain whether the movant may properly be given access to the requested tax
- a description of the specific tax information sought; - a statement indicating that the information cannot be obtained by the movant
from any other sources; and
- a statement showing a demonstrated need for the tax information.
An order granting a motion for access to tax information should include language advising the movant that the tax information obtained is confidential and should condition
dissemination of the tax information as appropriate under the circumstances of the particular case. At the discretion of the court, the order may state that sanctions may be imposed for improper use, disclosure, or dissemination of the tax information.